What second graders should know


  • Memorize basic addition and subtraction facts for numbers 1-10
  • Find the sum or difference of two whole numbers up to three digits long
  • Use repeated addition to do multiplication
    Counting, Ordering, and Place Value—
  • Count, read, and write numbers up to 1,000
  • Order and compare whole numbers up to 1,000
  • Understand place value concepts up to three digits
  • Count up to 100 by 2, 5, and 10
  • Understand the regrouping process (e.g. forming ones into tens, tens into hundreds)
    Time, Money, and Measurement— 
  • Measure objects using U.S. standard or metric units
  • Identify, count, and write coin combinations to $1.99
  • Tell time to 5-minute intervals
    Geometry, Patterns, and Graphing—
  • Identify and extend patterns and explain the rules for those patterns
  • Identify and describe the elements that compose plane and solid geometric shapes (e.g. circle, triangle, sphere, and cube)
  • Identify whole, one-half, and one-fourth of a simple shape
  • Collect, record, organize, display, and interpret numerical data on a bar chart or graph
    Problem Solving—
  • Apply computation skills, geometric concepts, and use appropriate manipulatives in a problem-solving situation
  • Explain problem-solving strategies using correct mathematical vocabulary


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  • Listen to and enjoy a variety of literature
  • Read, comprehend, interpret and evaluate age-appropriate books and stories
  • Describe setting, characters, and events in a story
  • Identify the possible solutions to a problem
  • Recognize a story’s topic and main idea 
  • Know the difference between real and fantasy stories
  • Locate information to answer questions within a story
  • Follow directions with more than one step 
  • Relate previous experience to what is being read
  • Accurately read aloud grade-appropriate material
  • Observe all punctuation while reading aloud (e.g. commas, periods, exclamation points)
  • Begin to generate and organize ideas for writing
  • Use writing to communicate for a variety of purposes
  • Use correct capitalization, punctuation, and spelling most of the time
    Vocabulary and Phonics—
  • Learn new words using a variety of strategies such as grammar cues, meaning cues (e.g. pictures), and phonics (i.e. what sounds right)
  • Use phonics to sound out complex, unfamiliar word